SEMINAR 2.04: Regional integration

Date: online: September-October 2021; face to face course: December 2022.

Place: face to face: Ateneo de Manila (AdMU) and University of the Philippines (UP)

Leader: Andrés Bautista Hernández

CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION

The present Working Package is presented with the aim of filling a gap in the different undergraduate and postgraduate syllabus in The Philippine Universities. This is the absence of a specific subject dealing with the study of ASEAN regional integration process, and International Organization of which the Philippines is a State member. Through this WP, teachers will acquire the tools and materials necessary to teach students about the phenomenon of international integration organizations. To this aim, the specific study of ASEAN in its different competences and their relations with the Philippines will be addressed. Likewise, the study of ASEAN will be broadened in conjunction with other regional integration cases such as the European Union, or the interrelation of the former on substantive issues in the universal sphere (UN).

CONTENT:

The proposed seminars are:

1.- Regional integration: process of regional integration: structures, values, Powers distribution, normative sources. (Prof. Elena del Mar García Rico)

2.- Security and disaster management and regulation (Prof. Andrés Bautista-Hernáez)

3.- Gender equality in context of regional integrations considering ODS Objective 5 (Prof. Magdalena M. Martín Martínez y Prof. Carolina Jiménez Sánchez)

4.- Environmental Law: Environmental Security and Implementation (Prof. María Isabel Torres Cazorla)

OBJECTIVES:

In line with the ideas expressed above, the main objectives of the seminars would be the following:

Seminar 1.- Regional integration: from cooperation to integration under organization models: the analysis of ASEAN and EU process of regional integration from an international law perspective. They are regional organizations with different goals and working methods as a result of a different socio-geographic, cultural, political, economic and legal context. Therefore, objectives, structures, competencies, decision-making and normative sources of these organizations are not the same and make the difference between a cooperation and integration organization. This perspective may provide some ideas to improve a future and more successful regional integration in which ASEAN contribute to the transformation of the Asian Southeast into a region of economic growth and political stability.

Seminar 2.- Security and disaster management and regulation: the analysis of institutional and normative framework of disaster management and regulation within the context of regional integration in The Philippines. We will explain the frame of duties and rights of States in the event of a disaster and the existing institutional mechanism. To this end, State and ASEAN international practice will be studied in contrast with the model of European Union: solidarity clause, emergency regulation and EU’s civil protection mechanism. This will lead to enhance The Philippines Law degrees studies in regional integration.

Seminar 3.- Gender equality in context of regional integrations considering ODS Objective 5: To analyze the integration of a gender perspective both into the Philippines and in the ASEAN framework of regional integration. Then, to propose improvement actions according to the strategy followed by ASEAN on discrimination and violence against women as well as the proposed action in Unites Nations Sustainable Development (Goal 5).

Seminar 4.- Environmental Law: Environmental Security and Implementation: The analysis of the relationship between environment and security, from a regional integration perspective (the European Union and the ASEAN context will be confronted). Environmental policies of the European Union and the normative framework in many fields will be studied (i.e.: air, land, marine and coast, nature and biodiversity, soil, urban environment, waste, industrial emissions, etc.). In the same way, some programs and initiatives adopted in the European regional sphere (having as a backdrop the ideas of circular economy, environmental assessment, environmental implementation review, green growth, sustainable development, green public procurement) will be compared with the main objectives to be adopted at the universal level. This perspective may provide some ideas to improve or adapt good practices to different regional realities (such as the Philippines area). Penalties and fines, referred to the environmental field, imposed to European Union States by the Court of Justice of the European Union must be considered. Recent events (such as the expansion of the COVID-19 and the effects of the confinement on this field) may be also studied. 

SCHEDULED WORKPLAN (Days and hours):

Seminar 1.- Regional integration: from cooperation to integration under organization models, 5 hours

1. An introduction to International Organization models: classification and characteristics (1 hour)

2. ASEAN: values, objectives, institutional structure, competencies and decision-making power (2 hours)

3. UE: values, objectives, institutional structure, competencies and decision-making power (1 hours)

4. Cooperation and Integration Organizations: ¿ASEAN v. UE? The necessary interregional cooperation: towards a dialogue for a region-to-region agreement  (1 hour)

Seminar 2.- Security and disaster management and regulation, 5 hours

  1. Introduction to International Disaster Law and Regional integration (1 hour)
  2. Disaster management and regulation: rights and duties (2 hours)
  3. Institutional framework ASEAN-The Philippines (2 hours) 

Seminar 3.- Gender equality in context of regional integrations considering ODS Objective 5, 5 hours

Seminar 4.- Environmental Law: Environmental Security and Implementation, 5 hours

  1. An Introduction to Environmental Security (1 hour) 
  2. Environment challenges: the European Union and ASEAN perspectives (1 hour)
  3. Environmental policies of the European Union: the normative framework (1 hour)
  4. Implementation of environmental policies: some tools (1 hour)
  5. Recent events and their influence in the environment: a practical approach (1 hour)

EXPECTED OUTCOMES AND COMMITMENT BY PARTNERS

GENERAL

The main general outcome is the inclusion of a new subject in law syllabus.

SPECIFIC

The expected outcomes are necessarily related to the objectives presented. They are as follows:

Test the level of implementation of regional cooperation process between ASEAN’s members, using the European Union model (with pros and cons) in order to explore and compare that Organization with steps towards integration at European level. A practical approach to the normative framework and different elements of both international organizations (see the aforementioned objectives), together with the eventual changes to advance regional integration through effective and deep dialogue region-to-region (from a join perspective together with the current ASEAN-UE Plan of Action 2018-2022). By the end of this seminar, participants 

  1. Will knowledge the normative framework of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and European Union.
  2. Will acquire a critical perspective about pros/cons of this different model of international organization. 
  3. Will understand different tools and strategies to advance into the regional integration.  

Test the level of implementation of regulations and institutional development related with disaster management in both perspectives: regional integration (ASEAN) and domestic level (The Philippines).

By the end of this seminar, participants

  1. Will know the normative framework of disaster management of the ASEAN and The Philippines, with a comparative approach with the European Union.
  2. Will know the institutional mechanism related with disaster response of the ASEAN and The Philippines, with a comparative approach with the European Union.
  3. Will be able to apply the legal framework related to disaster management in The Philippines.
  4. Will develop a comparative and contrastive approach from the perspective of disaster regulation in Europe and the Philippines.
  5. Will acquire critical analysis on pros and cons, strength and weaknesses of institutional and normative responses to disasters and international security.
  6. Will be able to apply and to enhance responses to crisis situations with international law tools.

Test the level of implementation of gender strategies in the Philippines, taking into account the indicators revealed in the Sustainable Development Goal (5). These indicators include two especially important: 1)“whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce and monitor equality and non-discrimination on the basis of sex”  and, 2)  the “proportion of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by form of violence and by age”. In order to fulfil the objectives, the course will look into the International Human Rights Committees Documents elaborated by the Philippines and other analogues elaborated by civil society. The seminar will deepen on the question related with international law and equality, leading to the understanding of the international legal framework in this field as well as the regional framework developed by ASEAN.

By the end of this seminar, participants 

  1. Will enhance the understanding on issues of gender and International Law, gender-based violence and human rights of women.
  2. Will be familiarized with the international, regional and national framework on gender and human rights.
  3. Will deeply understand the significance of Sustainable Development Objective 5, and its relevance and prospective in the Philippines and the ASEAN.

Test the level of implementation of environmental measures on different areas, using the European Union normative framework (with pros and cons) as a departure point, in order to explore and compare this situation with other regional areas (such as ASEAN). A practical approach to the normative framework, the implementation of the different areas described (see the aforementioned objectives), together with the eventual changes to be made (cooperation, advance, accomplishment) in the European Union area and the ASEAN region (from a join perspective together with the national measures to be adopted by States individually considered).  

By the end of this seminar, participants

  1. Will knowledge the normative framework of the European Union on this field.
  2. Will acquire a critical perspective about pros/cons of this framework and its implementation.
  3. Will understand different tools and strategies to advance into the preservation of our planet, considering regional and national strategies to be adopted. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Seminar 1

Legislation

Multilateral International Agreements

– Charter of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Singapore, 20 November 2007, available at: https://asean.org/storage/2012/05/The-ASEAN-Charter-14042020-final.pdf

– Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, available at: http://agreement.asean.org/media/download/20140416012939.pdf 

– Protocol to the ASEAN Charter on Dispute Settlement Mechanisms, available at: http://agreement.asean.org/media/download/20200128121018.pdf 

– Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations  (ASEAN) on Hosting and Granting Privileges and Immunities to the ASEAN Secretariat, available at: http://agreement.asean.org/media/download/20140416010338.pdf 

– Consolidated versions of the Treaty of the European Union and of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:C:2012:326:FULL&from=ES

Key documents guiding ASEAN-UE dialogue relations:

– ASEAN-UE Plan of Action (1028-2022), available at https://asean.org/storage/2017/08/ASEAN-EU-POA-2018-2022-Final.pdf 

– Bandar Seri Begawan Plan of Action to Strengthen the ASEAN-UE Enhanced Partnership (2013-2017), available at https://asean.org/wp-content/uploads/images/archive/document/BSB%20Plan%20of%20Action%20to%20Strengthen%20the%20ASEAN-EU%20Enhanced%20Partnership%202013-2017.pdf.

– Joint Statement of the 22nd EU-ASEAN Ministerial Meeting Brussels, Belgium, 21 January 2019, available at https://asean.org/storage/2019/01/JS-for-22nd-AEMM_as-of-21-Jan-2019-16h26-final-from-EU.pdf

 Books: 

Archer, C., International Organizations, 4th ed., Routeledge, 2015. 

Conway, G., EU Law, Spotlights, Routledge, London, New York, 2015.

Kaczorowka, A., European Union Law, Routledge, London, New York, 2013

Klabbers, J., The Law of International Organizations, Elgar, 2015. 

Severino R.D., Thomson, E. & Hong, M. (eds.), Southeast Asia in a new era: ten countries, one region in ASEAN, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2010.

Storey, T. & Turner, Ch., Unlocking EU Law, Routledge, London, New York, 2014

Virzo, R., Ingravallo, I. & Blokker, N., Evolutions in the law of International Organizations, 2015, Brill-Nijhoff. 

Articles:

Caballero-Anthony, M., “The ASEAN Charter: An Opportunity Missed or One that Cannot Be Missed?”, Southeast Asian Affairs. Singapore: 2008. p. 71- 85. 

Crone, D., “Southeast Asia in Search of an ASEAN Community: Insights from the Former ASEAN Secretary-General”, Pacific Affairs. Vancouver: Summer 2007. Vol. 80, Iss. 2, p. 402-403.

Curry, R.L.Jr., “Brick By Brick: The Building of an ASEAN Economic Community”, Pacific Affairs, Vancouver: Spring 2008. Vol. 81, Iss. 1, p. 142-144.

Green, D.J., “Bridging the ASEAN Development Divide: A Regional Overview”, ASEAN Economic Bulletin. Singapore: Apr 2007. Vol. 24, Iss. 1, p. 15-34.

Jayanthakumaran, K., Sanidas, E., “The complementary Hypothesis of Integration: regionalism, Multilateralism and the ASEAN-5”, The Asia Pacific Journal of Economics & Business, Jun 2007. Vol. 11, Iss. 1, p. 40-60.

Moeller, J.O., “ASEAN’s Relations with the European Union: Obstacles and Opportunities”, Contemporary Southeast Asia. Singapore: Dec 2007. Vol. 29, Iss. 3, p. 465-482.

Rarick, Ch. A., “Asean’s Progression Towards Common Market Status: Pitfalls and Policy Prescriptions”, Journal of Global Business Issues. Burbank: Summer 2008. 4 Vol. 2, Iss. 2, p. 229-233 

Robles, A.C. Jr., “The EU and ASEAN: Learning from the Failed EU-Mercosur FTA Negotiations”, ASEAN Economic Bulletin. Singapore: Dec 2008. Vol. 25, Iss. 3, p. 334-344.

Saravanamuttu, J., “ASEAN’s Diplomatic and Security Culture: Origins, Development and Prospects”, Journal of Contemporary Asia. Abingdon, Oxfordshire: 2003. Vol. 33, Iss. 4, p. 555-558.

Severino R.C., “ASEAN Beyond Forty: Towards Political and Economic Integration”, Contemporary Southeast Asia. Singapore: Dec 2007. Vol. 29, Iss. 3, p. 406-423.

– “The ASEAN Developmental Divide and the Initiative for ASEAN Integration ASEAN”, Economic Bulletin. Singapore: Apr 2007. Vol. 24, Iss. 1, p. 35-44.

– “ASEAN fusion: Southeast Asia’s future role in world affairs”, Harvard International Review. Cambridge: Winter 2003. Vol. 24, Iss. 4, p. 78-80.

Sheldom, S., ASEAN and Multilateralism: The Long, Bumpy Road to Community, Contemporary Southeast Asia. Singapore: Aug 2008. Vol. 30, Iss. 2, p. 264-292.

Wattanapruttipaisan, Th., “Priority Integration Sectors in ASEAN: Supply-side Implications and Options”, Asian Development Review. Manila: 2007. Vol. 24, Iss. 2, p. 64-89.

Yoshimatsu, H., “Collective Action Problems and Regional Integration in ASEAN”, Contemporary Southeast Asia. Singapore: Apr 2006. Vol. 28, Iss. 1, p. 115-140.

Yuzawa, T., “The Evolution of Preventive Diplomacy in the ASEAN Regional Forum: Problems and Prospects”, Asian Survey. Berkeley: Sep/Oct 2006. Vol. 46, Iss. 5, p. 785-804.

Seminar 2

Legislation

Multilateral International Agreements

1927 Convention Establishing an International Relief Union, 12 July 1927 (League of Nations Treaty Series, volume 135) 

1966 Constitution of the International Civil Defence Organization (with Statutes dated 10 January 1958), adopted on 17 October 1966 (United Nations Treaty Series volume 985)

1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (UNTS vol. 1155)

1987 The Arab Cooperation Agreement Regulating and Facilitating Relief Operations (available at http://www.ifrc.org/Docs/idrl/N644EN.pdf, accessed 28 January 2015)

1998 Tampere Convention on the Provision of Telecommunication Resources for Disaster Mitigation and Relief Operations, 18 June 1998 (United Nations Treaty Series volume 2296)

2000 Framework Convention on Civil Defence Assistance, 22 May 2000, (United Nations Treaty Series volume 2172)

Protocolo Adicional al Acuerdo Marco sobre medioambiente del MERCOSUR en materia de cooperación y asistencia ante emergencias ambientales, Puerto Iguazú 7 de Junio de 2004 

EU Legislation

European Union (EU) Decision No 1313/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 17 December 2013, on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism [2013] OJ L 347/924

Bilateral agreements

1992 Protocol between the Kingdom of Spain and the Republic of Portugal on technical cooperation and mutual assistance on civil protection done in Évora, 9 March 1992 (Spanish Official Journal n. 175/22547)

1995 Agreement on Joint Control of Forest Fire between China and Russia

1998 Agreement between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Government of the United States of America regarding the Treatment of United States Armed Forces Visiting the Philippines, Manila 10 February 1998, entry into force 1.6.1999, T.I.A.S. vol. 12931, at https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/107852.pdf.

1998 Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines regarding the Treatment of Republic of The Philippines Personnel Visiting the United States of America, Manila 9  October 1998, entry into force 1.6.1999, T.I.A.S. vol. 12931, at https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/107852.pdf.

1999 Wildfire protection Agreement between the Department of Agriculture of the USA and the Secretariat for Environment Natural Resources and Fisheries of the United Mexican States for the common border

2001 Protocol of Intentions between the Government of the United States of America and the Republic of the Philippines Concerning Cooperation and Disaster Prevention and Management, Washington 20 November 2001, at www.fema.gov.

2001 Wildfire Arrangement between the Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture of the USA and the National Rural Fire Authority of New Zealand which is designed to create a regulatory framework enabling the Parties to request wildfire suppression resources from the other contracting Party

Ratification of the Intention’s Protocol between the Ministry of Interior, Public Administration and E-Governance  between the General Secretariat for Civil Protection of the Hellenic Republic and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the USA on the cooperation in prevention and response to natural and technological disasters, signed 9 January 2001 (ratified by  Law 3073/2002 (Official Government Gazette 295A/ 4 December 2002))

2006 MoU between the China Earthquake Administration and the Italian Civil Protection Department on Cooperation in the field of Seismic Risk Mitigation and Emergency Management

2007 Italy–France agreement which is applicable exclusively for events occurring in three Italian regions (Lombardy, Piedmont, and Aosta Valley) and in five French Departments

2007 Administrative agreement between Italy and France on transboundary co-operation in mountainous areas in situations of emergency

2014 Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of the Philippines on Enhanced Defense Cooperation, Quezon City 28 April 2014, entry into force 25.6.2014, T.I.A.S. vol. 14-625, at https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/244799.pdf.

Books

Daillier P., Forteau M. and Pellet A., Droit International Public (L.G.D.J. 2009)

David Fisher, Law and Legal Issues in International Disaster Response: A Desk Study (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies 2007)

De Guttry A., Gestri M. and Venturini G. (eds), International Disaster Response Law (TMC Asser Press Springer 2012)

Fernández Liesa C.-R. and Oliva Martínez J.-D., El Derecho Internacional y la cooperación frente a los desastres en materia de Protección Civil (Dirección General de Protección Civil y Emergencias 2012)

Harper E., International Law and standards applicable in natural disaster situations (International Development Law Organization 2009)

IFRC, World Disasters Report 2000, (IFRC 2000)

Contributions to edited books

Bautista-Hernáez A., “Recientes avances en la Regulación de la Unión Europea en materia de catástrofes: el Mecanismo de Protección Civil de la Unión / Recent Developments on the European Union Regulation on Disasters: The Civil Protection Mechanism of the EU”, in Daniel García San José, José Manuel Sánchez Patron and María Isabel Torres Cazorla (cords.), Bioderecho, Seguridad y Medio Ambiente/ Biolaw, Security and Environment (Tirant lo Blanch 2015)

Bautista-Hernáez A., “Cooperación Transfronteriza y Cooperación Internacional frente a las Catástrofes en las relaciones luso-españolas. Consideraciones en torno al Protocolo de Évora de 1992” in Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez, José Alberto Azeredo Lopes (Dirs.) María del Carmen Márquez Carrasco, María Isabel Tavares (coords.), Seguridad Medioambiental y Cooperación Transfronteriza. IV Encuentro Luso-Español de Profesores de Derecho Internacional Público y Relaciones Internacionales (Atelier 2015)

De Guttry A., “Surveing the Law” in de Guttry A., Gestri M. and Venturini G. (eds), International Disaster Response Law (TMC Asser Press Springer 2012)

Torres Cazorla M.-I., “La Comunicación de la Comisión Europea de 2010: Nuevas Medidas para Mejorar la Reacción de la UE en caso de Catástrofe”, in Rafael Prieto Sanjuán and Jean-Marc Thouvenin (eds), Derecho Internacional y desastres: estudios sobre prevención y asistencia a las víctimas – Droit International et Catastrophes: études sur la prévention et l’assistance aux victimes – International Law and Disasters: Studies on Prevention and Assistance to Victims (Colección Estudios de Derecho Internacional, Nº. 14, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana y Universidad París Ouest La Défense, Grupo Editorial Ibáñez 2011)

Torres Cazorla M.-I., “Las catástrofes: una visión desde la regulación internacional y de la Unión Europea”, in Foro Para la Paz en el Mediterráneo. Actas de las VI Jornadas de Seguridad, Defensa y Cooperación. Estrategia Española de Seguridad y su Incidencia en el área mediterránea (Servicio de Publicaciones e Intercambio Científico de la Universidad de Málaga (SPICUM) 2013)

Articles

Bannon V. & Fisher D., “Legal Lessons in Disaster Relief from the Tsunami, the Pakistan Earthquake and Hurricane Katrina” (2006) Vol. 10 (Issue 6) ASIL Insights, <http://www.asil.org/insights/volume/10/issue/6/legal-lessons-disaster-relief-tsunami-pakistan-earthquake-and-hurricane#_ednref1>, accessed 28 January 2015

  1. Davies S., “Natural Disasters and the Responsibility to Protect” (2012) Vol. 55 German Yearbook of International Law 149

Fidler, D.-P., “Disaster Relief and Governance After the Indian Ocean Tsunami: What Role for International Law?” (2005) Volume 6 Melbourne Journal of International Law 458

Fisher D., «The Future of International Disaster Response Law» (2012) Vol. 55 German Yearbook of International Law 87, 87-118

Fisher D., “The Indian Ocean Tsunami and International Law” (2005) Volume 9 (issue 3) ASIL Insights «http://www.asil.org/insights/volume/9/issue/3/indian-ocean-tsunami-and-international-law», accessed 28 January 2015

Hanschel D., “Prevention, Preparedness and Assistance Concerning Nuclear Accidents-Effective International Legal Framework or Patchwork?” (2012) Vol. 55 German Yearbook of International Law 217

Kälin W., “The Human Rights Dimension of Natural or Human-Made Disasters” (2012) Vol. 55 German Yearbook of International Law 119

Kotzur M., “European Union Law on Disaster Preparedness and Response” (2012) Vol. 55 German Yearbook of International Law 253

  1. Bratspies R., “State Responsibility for Human-Induced Environmental Disasters” (2012) Vol. 55 German Yearbook of International Law 175

Perkins R. and Neumayer E., “Implementing Multilateral Environmental Agreements: An Analysis of EU Directives” (2007) volume 7 (3) Global Environmental Politics 13

Reinecke I., “International Disaster Response Law and the coordination of international organisations” (2010) Volume 2 The ANU Undergraduate Research Journal 143

Shaffer G.-C. and Pollack M.-A., “Hard vs. Soft Law: Alternatives, Complements, and Antagonists in International Governance” (2010) 94 Minnesota Law Review 706

Thouvenin J.-M., “L’internationalisations des secours en cas de catastrophe naturelle” in (1998) 102 (2) Revue Générale de Droit International Public 327

Torres Cazorla M.-I., “Las Emergencias y Catástrofes como Riesgo para la Seguridad: una visión desde la perspectiva del Derecho Internacional Público a la luz de la Estrategia de Seguridad Nacional de Mayo de 2013” (2014) No. 92 mayo-agosto ICADE, Revista Cuatrimestral de las Facultades de Derecho y Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales 77

Documents of United Nations

Yearbook of the International Law Commission 1997, vol. II Part Two, (1997)

A/RES/67/209 of 12 March 2013

A/RES/67/231 of 10 April 2013

A/RES/68/211 of 29 January 2014

Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, Post-2015 Framework for disaster risk reduction, Zero draft submitted by the Co-Chairs of the Preparatory Committee (UN doc. A/CONF.224/PC(II)L.3)

UN doc. A/CN.4/668

International Law Commission, Report on the work of its fifty-eighth session), UN Doc A/61/10 (2006)

International Law Commission, Report on the work of its fifty-night session), UN Doc A/62/10 (2007)

International Law Commission, Memorandum by the Secretariat, UN doc. A/CN.4/590 (2007)

International Law Commission, Memorandum by the Secretariat. Addendum, UN doc. A/CN.4/590/Add.1 (2008)

International Law Commission, Memorandum by the Secretariat. Addendum, UN doc. A/CN.4/590/Add.2 (2008)

International Law Commission, Report on the work of its sixtieth session, UN doc. A/63/10 (2008)

International Law Commission, Sixty-sixth session, Texts and titles of the draft articles adopted by the Drafting Committee on first reading, UN doc. A/CN.4/L.831 (2014)

Others

ECOLEX environmental law database: http://www.ecolex.org/ecolex/ledge/view/SimpleSearch;DIDPFDSIjsessionid=315BA38A39BD616E24F47B02EB380040, accessed 28 January 2015

IFRC disaster law database http://www.ifrc.org/en/publications-and-reports/idrl-database/, accessed 28 January 2015

COM (2011) 934 final, Proposal for a DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism)

Impact Assessment – 2011 review of the Civil Protection regulatory framework, accompanying the document Decision of the European Parliament and the Council on a Union Civil Protection Mechanism and on establishing a Civil Protection Financial Instrument for the period 2014-2020, EU doc. SEC (2011) 1632 final

Seminar 3

Seminar 4

Books

ALAM, M., LEE, J. and SAWHNEY, P., Status of Climate Change Adaptation on Asia and the Pacific, Cham, Switzerland, Springer, 2019. 

BEHNASSI, M., GUPTA, H., POLLMANN, O., Human and Environmental Security in the Era of Global Risks: Perspectives from Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands, Cham, Switzerland, Springer, 2019. 

DUPUY, P.M., VIÑUALES, J.E., International Environmental Law, Cambridge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2018, 2ª ed.

HYNEK, N., STRITECKY, D., Regulating Global Security: Insights from Conventional and Unconventional Regimes, Cham, Springer Int. Publ., Palgrave Macmillan, 2019.

LIM, M., Charting Environmental Law Futures in the Anthropocene, Singapore, Springer, 2019.

SUBRAMANGAN RAJU, A., Human Security in South Asia: Concept, Environment and Development, Abingdon, Oxon, New York, Routledge, 2020.

VOIGT, Ch., International Judicial Practice on the Environment. Questions of Legitimacy, Cambridge, UK, New York, USA, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2019. 

Contribution to edited books

DABELKO, G.D., “An Uncommon Peace: Environment, Development and the Global Security Agenda”, Green Planet Blues: Critical Perspectives on Global Environmental Politics, New York, London, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019. 

NOTARO, N., PAGANO, M., “The Interplay of International and European Union Environmental Law”, The Interface between European Union and International Law: Contemporary Reflections, Oxford, London, New York, Delhi, Sydney, Hart, 2019, pp. 151-178. 

Articles

SALAKO, S., “Climate Change, Environmental Security and Global Justice”, International Law Research (2017), vol. 6, n.1, pp. 119-131. 

Websites

European Union and Environment: https://ec.europa.eu/environment/efe/environmental-law_en.

ASEAN cooperation on Environment:  https://environment.asean.org/