Date: online: September-October 2021; face to face course: December 2022.
Place: face to face: Ateneo de Manila (AdMU) and University of the Philippines (UP)
Leader: Andrés Bautista Hernández
CONTEXT AND JUSTIFICATION
The present Working Package is presented with the aim of filling a gap in the different undergraduate and postgraduate syllabus in The Philippine Universities. This is the absence of a specific subject dealing with the study of ASEAN regional integration process, and International Organization of which the Philippines is a State member. Through this WP, teachers will acquire the tools and materials necessary to teach students about the phenomenon of international integration organizations. To this aim, the specific study of ASEAN in its different competences and their relations with the Philippines will be addressed. Likewise, the study of ASEAN will be broadened in conjunction with other regional integration cases such as the European Union, or the interrelation of the former on substantive issues in the universal sphere (UN).
The proposed seminars are:
1.- Regional integration: process of regional integration: structures, values, Powers distribution, normative sources. (Prof. Elena del Mar García Rico)
2.- Security and disaster management and regulation (Prof. Andrés Bautista-Hernáez)
3.- Gender equality in context of regional integrations considering ODS Objective 5 (Prof. Magdalena M. Martín Martínez y Prof. Carolina Jiménez Sánchez)
4.- Environmental Law: Environmental Security and Implementation (Prof. María Isabel Torres Cazorla)
In line with the ideas expressed above, the main objectives of the seminars would be the following:
Seminar 1.- Regional integration: from cooperation to integration under organization models: the analysis of ASEAN and EU process of regional integration from an international law perspective. They are regional organizations with different goals and working methods as a result of a different socio-geographic, cultural, political, economic and legal context. Therefore, objectives, structures, competencies, decision-making and normative sources of these organizations are not the same and make the difference between a cooperation and integration organization. This perspective may provide some ideas to improve a future and more successful regional integration in which ASEAN contribute to the transformation of the Asian Southeast into a region of economic growth and political stability.
Seminar 2.- Security and disaster management and regulation: the analysis of institutional and normative framework of disaster management and regulation within the context of regional integration in The Philippines. We will explain the frame of duties and rights of States in the event of a disaster and the existing institutional mechanism. To this end, State and ASEAN international practice will be studied in contrast with the model of European Union: solidarity clause, emergency regulation and EU’s civil protection mechanism. This will lead to enhance The Philippines Law degrees studies in regional integration.
Seminar 3.- Gender equality in context of regional integrations considering ODS Objective 5: To analyze the integration of a gender perspective both into the Philippines and in the ASEAN framework of regional integration. Then, to propose improvement actions according to the strategy followed by ASEAN on discrimination and violence against women as well as the proposed action in Unites Nations Sustainable Development (Goal 5).
Seminar 4.- Environmental Law: Environmental Security and Implementation: The analysis of the relationship between environment and security, from a regional integration perspective (the European Union and the ASEAN context will be confronted). Environmental policies of the European Union and the normative framework in many fields will be studied (i.e.: air, land, marine and coast, nature and biodiversity, soil, urban environment, waste, industrial emissions, etc.). In the same way, some programs and initiatives adopted in the European regional sphere (having as a backdrop the ideas of circular economy, environmental assessment, environmental implementation review, green growth, sustainable development, green public procurement) will be compared with the main objectives to be adopted at the universal level. This perspective may provide some ideas to improve or adapt good practices to different regional realities (such as the Philippines area). Penalties and fines, referred to the environmental field, imposed to European Union States by the Court of Justice of the European Union must be considered. Recent events (such as the expansion of the COVID-19 and the effects of the confinement on this field) may be also studied.
SCHEDULED WORKPLAN (Days and hours):
Seminar 1.- Regional integration: from cooperation to integration under organization models, 5 hours
1. An introduction to International Organization models: classification and characteristics (1 hour)
2. ASEAN: values, objectives, institutional structure, competencies and decision-making power (2 hours)
3. UE: values, objectives, institutional structure, competencies and decision-making power (1 hours)
4. Cooperation and Integration Organizations: ¿ASEAN v. UE? The necessary interregional cooperation: towards a dialogue for a region-to-region agreement (1 hour)
Seminar 2.- Security and disaster management and regulation, 5 hours
- Introduction to International Disaster Law and Regional integration (1 hour)
- Disaster management and regulation: rights and duties (2 hours)
- Institutional framework ASEAN-The Philippines (2 hours)
Seminar 3.- Gender equality in context of regional integrations considering ODS Objective 5, 5 hours
Seminar 4.- Environmental Law: Environmental Security and Implementation, 5 hours
- An Introduction to Environmental Security (1 hour)
- Environment challenges: the European Union and ASEAN perspectives (1 hour)
- Environmental policies of the European Union: the normative framework (1 hour)
- Implementation of environmental policies: some tools (1 hour)
- Recent events and their influence in the environment: a practical approach (1 hour)
EXPECTED OUTCOMES AND COMMITMENT BY PARTNERS
The main general outcome is the inclusion of a new subject in law syllabus.
The expected outcomes are necessarily related to the objectives presented. They are as follows:
Test the level of implementation of regional cooperation process between ASEAN’s members, using the European Union model (with pros and cons) in order to explore and compare that Organization with steps towards integration at European level. A practical approach to the normative framework and different elements of both international organizations (see the aforementioned objectives), together with the eventual changes to advance regional integration through effective and deep dialogue region-to-region (from a join perspective together with the current ASEAN-UE Plan of Action 2018-2022). By the end of this seminar, participants
- Will knowledge the normative framework of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and European Union.
- Will acquire a critical perspective about pros/cons of this different model of international organization.
- Will understand different tools and strategies to advance into the regional integration.
Test the level of implementation of regulations and institutional development related with disaster management in both perspectives: regional integration (ASEAN) and domestic level (The Philippines).
By the end of this seminar, participants
- Will know the normative framework of disaster management of the ASEAN and The Philippines, with a comparative approach with the European Union.
- Will know the institutional mechanism related with disaster response of the ASEAN and The Philippines, with a comparative approach with the European Union.
- Will be able to apply the legal framework related to disaster management in The Philippines.
- Will develop a comparative and contrastive approach from the perspective of disaster regulation in Europe and the Philippines.
- Will acquire critical analysis on pros and cons, strength and weaknesses of institutional and normative responses to disasters and international security.
- Will be able to apply and to enhance responses to crisis situations with international law tools.
Test the level of implementation of gender strategies in the Philippines, taking into account the indicators revealed in the Sustainable Development Goal (5). These indicators include two especially important: 1)“whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce and monitor equality and non-discrimination on the basis of sex” and, 2) the “proportion of ever-partnered women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner in the previous 12 months, by form of violence and by age”. In order to fulfil the objectives, the course will look into the International Human Rights Committees Documents elaborated by the Philippines and other analogues elaborated by civil society. The seminar will deepen on the question related with international law and equality, leading to the understanding of the international legal framework in this field as well as the regional framework developed by ASEAN.
By the end of this seminar, participants
- Will enhance the understanding on issues of gender and International Law, gender-based violence and human rights of women.
- Will be familiarized with the international, regional and national framework on gender and human rights.
- Will deeply understand the significance of Sustainable Development Objective 5, and its relevance and prospective in the Philippines and the ASEAN.
Test the level of implementation of environmental measures on different areas, using the European Union normative framework (with pros and cons) as a departure point, in order to explore and compare this situation with other regional areas (such as ASEAN). A practical approach to the normative framework, the implementation of the different areas described (see the aforementioned objectives), together with the eventual changes to be made (cooperation, advance, accomplishment) in the European Union area and the ASEAN region (from a join perspective together with the national measures to be adopted by States individually considered).
By the end of this seminar, participants
- Will knowledge the normative framework of the European Union on this field.
- Will acquire a critical perspective about pros/cons of this framework and its implementation.
- Will understand different tools and strategies to advance into the preservation of our planet, considering regional and national strategies to be adopted.
Multilateral International Agreements
– Charter of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Singapore, 20 November 2007, available at: https://asean.org/storage/2012/05/The-ASEAN-Charter-14042020-final.pdf
– Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, available at: http://agreement.asean.org/media/download/20140416012939.pdf
– Protocol to the ASEAN Charter on Dispute Settlement Mechanisms, available at: http://agreement.asean.org/media/download/20200128121018.pdf
– Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) on Hosting and Granting Privileges and Immunities to the ASEAN Secretariat, available at: http://agreement.asean.org/media/download/20140416010338.pdf
– Consolidated versions of the Treaty of the European Union and of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:C:2012:326:FULL&from=ES
Key documents guiding ASEAN-UE dialogue relations:
– ASEAN-UE Plan of Action (1028-2022), available at https://asean.org/storage/2017/08/ASEAN-EU-POA-2018-2022-Final.pdf
– Bandar Seri Begawan Plan of Action to Strengthen the ASEAN-UE Enhanced Partnership (2013-2017), available at https://asean.org/wp-content/uploads/images/archive/document/BSB%20Plan%20of%20Action%20to%20Strengthen%20the%20ASEAN-EU%20Enhanced%20Partnership%202013-2017.pdf.
– Joint Statement of the 22nd EU-ASEAN Ministerial Meeting Brussels, Belgium, 21 January 2019, available at https://asean.org/storage/2019/01/JS-for-22nd-AEMM_as-of-21-Jan-2019-16h26-final-from-EU.pdf.
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Contributions to edited books
Bautista-Hernáez A., “Recientes avances en la Regulación de la Unión Europea en materia de catástrofes: el Mecanismo de Protección Civil de la Unión / Recent Developments on the European Union Regulation on Disasters: The Civil Protection Mechanism of the EU”, in Daniel García San José, José Manuel Sánchez Patron and María Isabel Torres Cazorla (cords.), Bioderecho, Seguridad y Medio Ambiente/ Biolaw, Security and Environment (Tirant lo Blanch 2015)
Bautista-Hernáez A., “Cooperación Transfronteriza y Cooperación Internacional frente a las Catástrofes en las relaciones luso-españolas. Consideraciones en torno al Protocolo de Évora de 1992” in Pablo Antonio Fernández Sánchez, José Alberto Azeredo Lopes (Dirs.) María del Carmen Márquez Carrasco, María Isabel Tavares (coords.), Seguridad Medioambiental y Cooperación Transfronteriza. IV Encuentro Luso-Español de Profesores de Derecho Internacional Público y Relaciones Internacionales (Atelier 2015)
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ALAM, M., LEE, J. and SAWHNEY, P., Status of Climate Change Adaptation on Asia and the Pacific, Cham, Switzerland, Springer, 2019.
BEHNASSI, M., GUPTA, H., POLLMANN, O., Human and Environmental Security in the Era of Global Risks: Perspectives from Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands, Cham, Switzerland, Springer, 2019.
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Contribution to edited books
DABELKO, G.D., “An Uncommon Peace: Environment, Development and the Global Security Agenda”, Green Planet Blues: Critical Perspectives on Global Environmental Politics, New York, London, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019.
NOTARO, N., PAGANO, M., “The Interplay of International and European Union Environmental Law”, The Interface between European Union and International Law: Contemporary Reflections, Oxford, London, New York, Delhi, Sydney, Hart, 2019, pp. 151-178.
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